What kind of architecture do young people need?
Moscow City University conducted a study on how young people perceive the architecture of the capital. It turned out that future graduates want to study and do science in buildings in the classical style, spend free time – in buildings in the Art Nouveau style, and live in modern houses.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor Boris Ryzhov conducted a study “Modern Perception of Architectural Objects by Young People” in collaboration with the MCU student. The relevance of the study is explained by the growing contradiction between the new architectural solutions and the desires of the people who live in these houses.
No other form of art has such a psychological impact on the formation of a person’s worldview as architecture. Music and works of art can give an explosion of emotions and impressions, but it is short-lived. The emotional repercussions of what you see in a gallery or hear in an opera will fade, but people “communicate” with architecture daily. At some point, he begins to play the role of a 25-frame, and then you stop feeling his impact, not noticing him. But architecture continues to affect us, says Boris Ryzhov.
Six architectural styles were selected for the sociological survey: classicism, triumph (Stalinist Empire style), art nouveau, constructivism, post-constructivism of the late 1930s or magno style, and modern style. Students of Russian universities saw collages of six photographs of buildings and offered to rank them in descending order of taste.
According to the results of the study, it is possible to draw conclusions about the preferences of students of Moscow City University. 73% of positive reviews received Stalin’s Empire style, the brightest representatives of which are Stalin’s skyscrapers, the arch at the entrance to Gorky Park, the main pavilion of VDNKh. Modern architecture was represented by the most popular buildings – the Moscow City skyscrapers, the house on Mosfilmovskaya Street, Zaki Hadid’s Dominion Tower. This style was in the penultimate place in the ranking.
Respondents were also shown public buildings of different styles – residential buildings, libraries. Here, the first places are shared by Art Nouveau and magno (respectively 53% and 52%). Again, the modern style was not highly rated. And in the survey of small houses and mansions, modern buildings come out on top with 84% of the vote. It should be noted that the MCU students evaluated a building by asking themselves if they would like to live there. Young people have chosen modern architecture for living, although they like classic columns and spacious halls.
The results of studies of the Moscow City University show the preference for old buildings. The new architecture intrudes aggressively into the urban panorama, which has been formed over the centuries. In different districts of Moscow, modern buildings aggressively destroy rather than organically complement the architectural landscape, which contradicts the classical principles of architecture – symmetry, beauty.
The survey resulted in an index of preferences for architectural styles among students of Moscow City University. Most votes (67%) go to the Triumph style, whose stately shapes are the most emotionally appealing to young people. The second place (37%) of the votes is shared by the modern style, the magno and the classicism. Art Nouveau gets 22% and constructivism about 1%. The results of the study were used to develop an interesting tourist route through the center of Moscow.
To sum up, Russian students choose to study in monumental buildings, the walls of which inspire confidence in the prestige of the chosen profession and inspire respect for lectures and science classes. Modern and comfortable low-rise buildings are suitable for living. It is important that architects and builders take into account the opinion of young people – the urban landscape must be psychologically comfortable for the new generation.