Renewal of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Workshop (Ma’s Chair) in Linpan / David Architectural Design

Renewal of the Intangible Cultural Heritage Workshop (Ma’s Chair) in Linpan / David Architectural Design

© Zhenhuan He

© Zhenhuan He© Zhenhuan He© Weibing Liu© Zhenhuan He+ 23

© Zhenhuan He
© Zhenhuan He

“Bamboo Linpan (Forest Groups)” is the most traditional agricultural settlement in the western Sichuan Plain, and it has lasted for thousands of years in Sichuan. Bamboo has been used to the maximum by the inhabitants of the rural “Linpan” settlements of western Sichuan, they consider this material to be the essence of life. One of the elements of Linpan’s intangible cultural heritage – the “Qingcheng Ma chair” – is a synonym for the handmade bamboo chairs of the Ma family, but with the rapid development of urbanization and the impact of cultures foreigners, this rural intangible cultural heritage is facing the fate of the lost, and it is urgent to save this traditional folk craft. Architect Liu Weibing, along with fellow Chengdu Minjian members Wu Weizhong and Deng Liang, volunteered to design and update the Qingcheng Ma chair workshop. The newly constructed workshop, made entirely of bamboo handmade without a single nail, is an effort to promote the interplay between preservation of heritage and improvement of life in the ancient village with a non-heritage culture.

© Zhenhuan He
© Zhenhuan He

The project is located in the “Linpan” settlement of the Ma family in the peaceful village of Mangcheng, at the foot of the Qingcheng Mountains. The design is based on the workflow of the traditional family craft workshop of the Ma’s chair, and a new concept is developed to change the unique mode of production from “live – work – sell” into a diverse model of ” living – working – living – visiting – relaxing – consuming “which would serve as a scene of cultural and creative consumption. The workshop area is divided into three non-disruptive buildings according to the traditional method of making Ma’s chairs: storage of materials in bamboo (stacking and rough processing); the workshop (making and experimenting); and the tea room (resting and drinking tea).

© Zhenhuan He
© Zhenhuan He
© Zhenhuan He
© Zhenhuan He

The designers asked the question “How does Linpan exist in contemporary times?” The question was asked and it was decided that all buildings would be renovated and constructed using local bamboo. 1000 m above sea level. The building is made by Ma Zehong and his family, who are the craftsmen of the intangible cultural heritage of the village, and is entirely made by hand with tenons and mortises, which is a good example of the sustainability of contemporary ecological architecture.

© Weibing Liu
© Weibing Liu
© Zhenhuan He
© Zhenhuan He

Next to the three-lane intersection in the Ma family’s Linpan is the small original bamboo material storage room. By lengthening, layering and adding bamboo grids, the designers gave the small bamboo house a sense of rhythm and a sense of ritual to handcrafted creation. In the forest glade, more than 10 meters from the workshop, the tea room is built in a minimalist way using bamboo in the form of a traditional long screen, which fits well into the forest setting and has been realized in a very limited budget.

© Zhenhuan He
© Zhenhuan He
Model
Model

The three structures of the Qingcheng Ma chair workshop are all made of bamboo poles of different diameters, mortised and tenon together. Depending on the function of the building, the roof is different: the bamboo processing workshop and the tea room are covered with bamboo panels, while the exhibition hall is covered with semi-translucent polyester sheets.

© Zhenhuan He
© Zhenhuan He
Diagram
Diagram

The Qingcheng Ma’s Chair Workshop fully embodies the attitude of “the unity of heaven and man” towards life in western Sichuan Linpan. The flow of fresh air from the mountains through the Qingcheng Ma chair workshop, and the slow movement of light and shadow through the interior, hint at the idea of ​​”living in the immortal countryside. “.

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